Which First Aid Course Do I Require?

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Things to Consider Include:


(Use the findings of your general risk assessment and take account of any parts of your workplace with different work activities/hazards that may require different levels of first-aid provision.)

Does your workplace have low-level hazards, e.g. the ones you might find in offices and shops?

The minimum provision is: an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements; a suitably stocked first-aid kit.

Does your workplace have higher-level hazards, such as chemicals or dangerous machinery? Do your work activities involve special hazards, such as hydrofluoric acid or confined spaces?

You should consider: providing first-aiders; additional training for first-aiders to deal with injuries caused by special hazards; additional first-aid equipment; precise location of first-aid equipment; providing a first-aid room; informing the emergency services in advance.


How many people are employed on site?

The minimum provision is: an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements; a suitably stocked first-aid box. Depending on your circumstances, you should consider providing: first-aiders; additional first-aid equipment; a first-aid room.

Are there inexperienced workers on site (including those on ‘work experience’), or employees with disabilities or particular health problems, elderly, young?

You should consider: additional training for first-aiders; additional first-aid equipment; location of first-aid equipment.

Accidents and ill-health records

What injuries and illness have occurred in your workplace and where did they happen?

Make sure your first-aid provision caters for the type of injuries and illness that might occur in your workplace. Monitor accidents and ill health, and review your first-aid provision as appropriate.

Working arrangements

Do you have employees who travel a lot, work remotely or work alone?

You should consider: issuing personal first-aid kits; issuing personal communicators / mobile phones to employees.

Do any of your employees work shifts or work out of hours?

You should ensure there is adequate first-aid provision at all times people are at work.

Are the premises spread out, e.g. are there several buildings on the site or multi-floor buildings?

You should consider provision in each building or on each floor.

Is your workplace remote from emergency medical services?

You should: inform the emergency services of your location; consider special arrangements with the emergency services; consider emergency transport requirements.

Do any of your employees work at sites occupied by other employers?

You should make arrangements with other site occupiers to ensure adequate provision of first aid. A written agreement between employers is strongly recommended.

Do you have enough provision to cover for your first-aiders or appointed persons when they are absent?

You should consider: what cover is needed for annual leave and other planned absences; what cover is needed for unplanned and exceptional absences


Do members of the public visit your premises?

Under the regulations, you have no legal duty to provide first aid for non-employees, but HSE strongly recommends that you include them in your first-aid provision.

From your risk assessment, what degree of hazard is associated with your work activities

e.g. offices, shops, libraries

Fewer than 25: At least one appointed person
25 – 50: At least one EFAW
More than 50: At least one FAW for every 100 employed (or part thereof)

e.g. light engineering and assembly work, food processing, warehousing, extensive work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments, construction, chemical manufacture, heights
Fewer than 5: At least one appointed person
5 – 50: At least one first aider trained in EFAW or FAW depending on the type of injuries that may occur
More than 50: At lease one first aider trained in FAW for every 50 employed (or part thereof)

Emergencies Covered

What emergencies are you trained to deal with? EFAW
6 hrs
18 hrs
Acting safely, promptly and efficiently in an emergency    
CPR & use of a defibrillator    
Treating an unconscious casualty (inc seizures)    
Wounds & bleeding    
Minor injuries    
Preventing cross infection, recording incidents & use of available equipment    
(These topics are not covered by EFAW, so if any of these injuries may occur then a full First Aid at Work should be provided.)
Sprains & strains  
Chest injuries  
Crush injuries  
Burns & scalds  
Eye injuries  
Heart attacks & strokes  
Hypo & hyperthermia  


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